Temptations of Jesus

September 28, 2014

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There are a number of problems in the New World Translation when it comes to the deity of Jesus that was challenged by satan.  First it must be understood that Jesus was Michael the Arch Angel according to Jehovah’s Witnesses. This is what they mean when they say Jesus is the Angel of the Lord. 1) If this is true, then it must be agreed upon that Michael the Arch Angel doesn’t have the same authority of Jehovah. 2) Michael makes it clear that Jehovah may rebuke satan but Michael will not. See the link below.

But when Mi′cha·el+ the archangel+ had a difference with the Devil and was disputing about Moses’ body,+ he did not dare to bring a judgment against him in abusive terms,+ but said: “May Jehovah* rebuke you” (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/jude/1/).

Now that this is understood let us move on to the temptations of Jesus by the devil. I’ll quote only from the New World Translation. One thing that must be made clear is that satan was the “tempter.” See the link below.

And the Tempter+ approached and said to him: “If you are a son of God, tell these stones to become loaves of bread.”  But he answered: “It is written: ‘Man must live, not on bread alone, but on every word that comes from Jehovah’s* mouth.’”+ (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/matthew/4/).

It is extremely important to note that Jesus rebukes satan in the third temptation. In the New World Translation below Jesus is quoted as saying “Go away, Satan!” This authority belongs to Jehovah as per the above verse in Jude chapter 1 verse 9. If Jesus really is Michael the Arch Angel, why did He act like Jehovah? See the link below.

Then Jesus said to him: “Go away, Satan! For it is written: ‘It is Jehovah* your God you must worship,+ and it is to him alone you must render sacred service.’”+ (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/matthew/4/#v40004010).

Let’s take a look at the second temptation. There are a number of problems with the verses below quoted from the New World Translation. We already established that satan is the tempter. That being said, there are a few questions that beg to be answered.  1) If Jesus was not tempting Jehovah, why would Jesus need to quote the scripture against Himself? 2) If Jesus is not tempting Jehovah, who is tempting Jehovah? 3) Was satan tempting Jehovah? 4) Satan is clearly tempting Jesus, right?

 Then the Devil took him along into the holy city,+ and he stationed him on the battlement* of the temple+  and said to him: “If you are a son of God, throw yourself down, for it is written: ‘He will give his angels a command concerning you,’ and, ‘They will carry you on their hands, so that you may not strike your foot against a stone.’”+  Jesus said to him: “Again it is written: ‘You must not put Jehovah* your God to the test.’”+ (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/matthew/4/#v40004010).

 

Furthermore, it is stated in the New World Translation in Philippians chapter 2 verses 5-7 the relationship between God and Jesus is explained. The passage of scripture below also explains why Jesus answered the tempter saying it is life to live by God’s word which basically means Jesus is always in agreement with everything Jehovah says even when He is in the likeness of men. See the following verse quoted from Mathew chapter 4  above. But he answered: “It is written: ‘Man must live, not on bread alone, but on every word that comes from Jehovah’s* mouth.’” God and Jesus are the same substance. God and Jesus are equal in every sense. The only thing that changed this temporarily is that Jesus “emptied himself and took a slaves’ form” for the time Jesus was here on the earth in physical form.  See the verses and subsequent link below.

5  Keep this mental attitude* in YOU that was also in Christ Jesus,+ 6  who, although he was existing in God’s form,+ gave no consideration to a seizure,* namely, that he should be equal to God.+ 7  No, but he emptied himself and took a slave’s form+ and came to be in the likeness of men.+  (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/bi12/books/philippians/2/).

 Then I heard the voice of Jehovah saying: “Whom shall I send, and who will go for us?”+ And I said: “Here I am! Send me!”+ (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/isaiah/6/).

13  while we wait for the happy hope+ and glorious manifestation of the great God and of our Savior, Jesus Christ, 14  who gave himself for us+ to set us free*+ from every sort of lawlessness and to cleanse for himself a people who are his own special possession, zealous for fine works.+ (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/titus/2/)

28  In answer Thomas said to him: “My Lord and my God!” (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/john/20/)

Finally the passage of scripture from the New World Translation quoted below from Proverbs chapter 8 proves that Jesus is not the first of God’s works.  If Jesus was the first of God’s works, why does the context say “I rejoiced before him all the time.” All means all. Look up “all” in the dictionary as a pronoun (http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/all?s=t).  Look up “day by day” in the dictionary as an adjective (http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/day%20by%20day?s=t). Adjectives describe nouns and pronouns. God and Jesus  coexisted continually and always. “Day by day” refers to the days of creation. “All the time” refers to eternity. God and Jesus are the same form. They are also of the same essence.

22  Jehovah produced me as the beginning of his way,+ The earliest of his achievements of long ago.+ 23  From ancient times* I was installed,+ From the start, from times earlier than the earth.+ 24  When there were no deep waters,+ I was brought forth,* When there were no springs overflowing with water. 25  Before the mountains were set in place, Before the hills, I was brought forth, 26  When he had not yet made the earth and its fields Or the first clods of earth’s soil. 27  When he prepared the heavens,+ I was there; When he marked out the horizon* on the surface of the waters,+ 28  When he established* the clouds above, When he founded the fountains of the deep, 29  When he set a decree for the sea That its waters should not pass beyond his order,+ When he established* the foundations of the earth, 30  Then I was beside him as a master worker.+ I was the one he was especially fond of+ day by day; I rejoiced before him all the time;+ (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/proverbs/8/).

 I form light+ and create darkness,+ I make peace+ and create calamity;+ I, Jehovah, am doing all these things (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/isaiah/45/).

 who, although he was existing in God’s form,+ gave no consideration to a seizure, namely, that he should be equal to God.+ (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/philippians/2/).

 And God said: “Let there be light.” Then there was light.+ (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/genesis/1/).

 He is the reflection of God’s glory+ and the exact representation of his very being,+ and he sustains all things by the word of his power. And after he had made a purification for our sins,+ he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high.+ (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/hebrews/1/).

24  During the morning watch,* Jehovah looked at the camp of the Egyptians from within the pillar of fire and cloud,+ and he threw the camp of the Egyptians into confusion (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/exodus/14/).

 

God has the final word and say regarding any matter. Our reason should lead us to believe it is only reasonable to agree with everything that Jehovah says, not man. The prime example of this is found in the New World Translation in the book of Job chapter 9, chapter 10, and chapter 40. Jehovah asks the astonishing question to those that say reason is the precedent for qualifying and accepting anything in the orthodox scriptures of Christianity. See the verses and the subsequent links below.

 I will say to God: ‘Do not pronounce me guilty. Tell me why you are contending with me. (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/job/10/).

20  If I were in the right, my own mouth would condemn me; Even if I keep my integrity,* he will declare me guilty.* (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/job/9/).

 Will you call into question* my justice? Will you condemn me so that you may be right?+ (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/job/40/).

18  “Come, now, and let us set matters straight between us,” says Jehovah.+ “Though your sins are like scarlet, They will be made as white as snow;+ Though they are as red as crimson cloth, They will become like wool. (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/isaiah/1/).

 

Using the New World Translation, I want to draw your attention to some controversial verses. God is not an inferior god? He is God? He is the Savior? He is the same one? Do you have any other inferior gods besides Jehovah? See the verses and the subsequent links below.

39  See now that I—I am he,+ And there are no gods apart from me.+ I put to death, and I make alive.+ I wound,+ and I will heal,+ And no one can rescue from my hand.+   (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/deuteronomy/32/).

11  I—I am Jehovah,+ and besides me there is no savior.”+ 12  “I am the One who declared and saved and made known When there was no foreign god among you.+ So you are my witnesses,” declares Jehovah, “and I am God.+ 13  Also, I am always the same One;+ And no one can snatch anything out of my hand.+ When I act, who can prevent it?”+ (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/isaiah/43/).

 I am Jehovah, and there is no one else. There is no God except me.+ I will strengthen* you, although you did not know me, (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/isaiah/45/).

 You must never have any other gods besides me.*+ (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/deuteronomy/5/).

 

Please stop stumbling over the truth of the Trinity. Using the New World Translation, go to Genesis chapters 18 verses 21 and 33. Go to Genesis chapter 19 verses 1 and 24. The little Yahweh was on His way to Sodom and Gomorrah. Jehovah rained down sulfur and fire on Sodom and Gomorrah. The little Yahweh was on the earth walking while Jehovah in heaven-sent judgment. That is an example of how the Trinity operates.

21  I will go down to see whether they are acting according to the outcry that has reached me. And if not, I can get to know it.”+(http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/genesis/18/).

33  When Jehovah finished speaking to Abraham, he went his way+ and Abraham returned to his place. (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/genesis/18/).

One last thing to consider is the context of Revelation chapter 5 that deals with the worship of Jesus by all creation. There is one astounding question that shouldn’t escape us. If Jesus is just a creation by Jehovah, why isn’t He worshipping Himself?
 
13  And I heard every creature in heaven and on earth and underneath the earth+ and on the sea, and all the things in them, saying: “To the One sitting on the throne+ and to the Lamb+ be the blessing and the honor+ and the glory and the might forever and ever.”+ 14  The four living creatures were saying: “Amen!” and the elders fell down and worshipped (http://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/revelation/5/).
 
 8  I am Jehovah. That is my name;
I give my glory to no one else,*
 
 
APE  Ignatius to the Ephesians (long). 7:1 But some most worthless persons are in the habit of carrying about the name of Jesus Christ¦ in wicked guile, while yet they practice things unworthy of God, and hold opinions contrary to the doctrine of Christ, to their own destruction, and that of those who give credit to them, whom you must avoid as ye would wild beasts. For “the righteous man who avoids them is saved for ever; but the destruction of the ungodly is sudden, and a subject of rejoicing.” For “they are dumb dogs, that cannot bark,” raving mad, and biting secretly, against whom ye must be on your guard, since they labor under an incurable disease.
2 But our Physician is the only true God, the unbegotten and unapproachable, the Lord of all, the Father and Begetter of the only-begotten Son. We have also as a Physician the Lord our God, Jesus the Christ, the only-begotten Son and Word, before time began, but who afterwards became also man, of Mary the virgin. For “the Word was made flesh.” Being incorporeal, He was in the body; being impassible, He was in a passible body; being immortal, He was in a mortal body; being life, He became subject to corruption, that He might free our souls from death and corruption, and heal them, and might restore them to health, when they were diseased with ungodliness and wicked lusts. (IEl 7:1-2 APE)
 
APE  Ignatius to the Ephesians (long). 15:1 It is better for a man to be silent and be |a Christian¦, than to talk and not to be one. “The kingdom of God is not in word, but in power.” Men “believe with the heart, and confess with the mouth,” the one “unto righteousness,” the other “unto salvation.” It is good to teach, if he who speaks also acts. For he who shall both “do and teach, the same shall be great in the kingdom.”
2 Our Lord and God, Jesus Christ, the Son of the living God, first did and then taught, as Luke testifies, “whose praise is in the Gospel through all the Churches.” (IEl 15:1-2 APE)
 
APE  Ignatius to the Magnesians (long. 6:1 Since therefore I have, in the persons before mentioned, beheld the whole multitude of you in faith and love, I exhort you to study to do all things with a divine harmony, while your bishop presides in the place of God, and your presbyters in the place of the assembly of the apostles, along with your deacons, who are most dear to me, and are entrusted with the ministry of Jesus Christ. He, being begotten by the Father before the beginning of time, was God the Word, the only-begotten Son, and remains the same for ever; for “of His kingdom there shall be no end,” says Daniel the prophet.
2 Let us all therefore love one another in harmony, and let no one look upon his neighbor according to the flesh, but in Christ Jesus. Let nothing exist among you which may divide you; but be ye united with your bishop, being through him subject to God in Christ. (IMl 6:1-2 APE)
 
APE  Ignatius to the Romans (long) 1:1 Ignatius, who is also called Theophorus, to the Church which has obtained mercy, through the majesty of the Most High God the Father, and of Jesus Christ, His only-begotten Son; the Church which is sanctified and enlightened by the will of God, who formed all things that are according to the faith and love of Jesus Christ, our God and Savior; the Church which presides in the place of the region of the Romans, and which is worthy of God, worthy of honor, worthy of the highest happiness, worthy of praise, worthy of credit, worthy of being deemed holy, and which presides over love, is named from Christ, and from the Father, and is possessed of the Spirit, which I also salute in the name of Almighty God, and of Jesus Christ His Son: to those who are united, both according to the flesh and spirit, to every one of His commandments, who are filled inseparably with all the grace of God, and are purified from every strange taint, |I wish¦ abundance of happiness unblameably, in God, even the Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ. Through prayer to God I have obtained the privilege of seeing your most worthy faces, even as I earnestly begged might be granted me; for as a prisoner in Christ Jesus I hope to salute you, if indeed it be the will |of God¦ that I be thought worthy of attaining unto the end. (IRl 1:1 APE)
 
APE  Ignatius to the Philadelphians (. 4:1 I have confidence of you in the Lord, that ye will be of no other mind. Wherefore I write boldly to your love, which is worthy of God, and exhort you to have but one faith, and one |kind of¦ preaching, and one Eucharist. For there is one flesh of the Lord Jesus Christ; and His blood which was shed for us is one; one loaf also is broken to all |the communicants¦, and one cup is distributed among them all: there is but one altar for the whole Church, and one bishop, with the presbytery and deacons, my fellowservants.
2 Since, also, there is but one unbegotten Being, God, even the Father; and one only-begotten Son, God, the Word and man; and one Comforter, the Spirit of truth; and also one preaching, and one faith, and one baptism; and one Church which the holy apostles established from one end of the earth to the other by the blood of Christ, and by their own sweat and toil; it behooves you also, therefore, as “a peculiar people, and a holy nation,” to perform all things with harmony in Christ. (IPl 4:1-2 APE)
 
APE  Ignatius to the Philadelphians (. 6:1 If any one preaches the one God of the Law and the prophets, but denies Christ to be the Son of God, he is a liar, even as also is his father the devil, and is a Jew falsely so called, being possessed of mere carnal circumcision. If any one confesses Christ Jesus the Lord, but denies the God of the law and of the prophets, saying that the Father of Christ is not the Maker of heaven and earth, he has not continued in the truth any more than his father the devil, and is a disciple of Simon Magus, not of the Holy Spirit. If any one says there is one God, and also confesses Christ Jesus, but thinks the Lord to be a mere man, and not the only-begotten God, and Wisdom, and the Word of God, and deems Him to consist merely of a soul and body, such an one is a serpent, that preaches deceit and error for the destruction of men, And such a man is poor in understanding, even as by name he is an Ebionite. If any one confesses the truths mentioned, but calls lawful wedlock, and the procreation of children, destruction and pollution, or deems certain kinds of food abominable, such an one has the apostate dragon dwelling within him. If any one confesses the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost, and praises the creation, but calls the incarnation merely an appearance, and is ashamed of the passion, such an one has denied the faith, not less than the Jews who killed Christ. If any one confesses these things, and that God the Word did dwell in a human body, being within it as the Word, even as the soul also is in the body, because it was God that inhabited it, and not a human soul, but affirms that unlawful unions are a good thing, and places the highest happiness in pleasure, as does the man who is falsely called a Nicolaitan, this person can neither be a lover of God, nor a lover of Christ, but is a corrupter of his own flesh, and therefore void of the Holy Spirit, and a stranger to Christ. All such persons are but monuments and sepulchers of the dead, upon which are written only the names of dead men. (IPl 6:1 APE)
 

APE  Ignatius to the Smyrnaeans (long. 1:1 Ignatius, who is also called Theophorus, to the Church of God the most high Father, and His beloved Son Jesus Christ, which has through mercy obtained every kind of gift, which is filled with faith and love, and is deficient in no gift, most worthy of God, and adorned with holiness: the Church which is at Smyrna, in Asia, wishes abundance of happiness, through the immaculate Spirit and word of God. I glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who by Him has given you such wisdom. For I have observed that ye are perfected in an immoveable faith, as if ye were nailed to the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, both in the flesh and in the spirit, and are established in love through the blood of Christ, being fully persuaded, in very truth, with respect to our Lord Jesus Christ, that He was the Son of God, “the firstborn of every creature,” God the Word, the only-begotten Son, and was of the seed of David according to the flesh, by the Virgin Mary; was baptized by John, that all righteousness might be fulfilled by Him; that He lived a life of holiness without sin,
2 and was truly, under Pontius Pilate and Herod the tetrarch, nailed |to the cross¦ for us in His flesh. From whom we also derive our being, from His divinely-blessed passion, that He might set up a standard for the ages, through His resurrection, to all His holy and faithful |followers¦, whether among Jews or Gentiles, in the one body of His Church. (ISl 1:1-2 APE)

APE  Ignatius to the Ephesians 18:1 Let my spirit be counted as nothing for the sake of the cross, which is a stumbling-block to those that do not believe, but to us salvation and life eternal. “Where is the wise man? where the disputer?” Where is the boasting of those who are styled prudent?
2 For our God, Jesus Christ, was, according to the appointment of God, conceived in the womb by Mary, of the seed of David, but by the Holy Ghost. He was born and baptized, that by His passion He might purify the water.
(IEp 18:1-2 APE)

APE  Ignatius to the Romans 3:1 Ye have never envied any one; ye have taught others. Now I desire that those things may be confirmed |by your conduct¦, which in your instructions ye enjoin |on others¦.
2 Only request in my behalf both inward and outward strength, that I may not only speak, but |truly¦ will; and that I may not merely be called a Christian, but really be found to be one. For if I be truly found |a Christian¦, I may also be called one, and be then deemed faithful, when I shall no longer appear to the world.
3 Nothing visible is eternal. “For the things which are seen are temporal, but the things which are not seen are eternal.” For our God, Jesus Christ, Now that He is with the Father, is all the more revealed |in His glory¦. Christianity is not a thing of silence only, but also of |manifest¦ greatness.
(IRo 3:1 APE)

APE  Ignatius to Polycarp (long) 8:1 Inasmuch, therefore, as I have not been able to write to all Churches, because I must suddenly sail from Troas to Neapolis, as the will |of the emperor¦ enjoins, |I beg that¦ thou, as being acquainted with the purpose of God, wilt write to the adjacent Churches, that they also may act in like manner, such as are able to do so sending messenger, and the others transmitting letters through those persons who are sent by thee, that thou mayest be glorified by a work which shall be remembered for ever, as indeed thou art worthy to be.
2 I salute all by name, and in particular the wife of Epitropus, with all her house and children. I salute Attalus, my beloved. I salute him who shall be deemed worthy to go |from you¦ into Syria. Grace shall be with him for ever, and with Polycarp that sends him.
3 I pray for your happiness for ever in our God, Jesus Christ, by whom continue ye in the unity and under the protection of God. I salute Alce, my dearly beloved. Amen. Grace |be with you¦. Fare ye well in the Lord. (IPc 8:1-3 APE)

APE  Ignatius to Polycarp 8:1 Inasmuch as I have not been able to write to all the Churches, because I must suddenly sail from Troas to Neapolis, as the will |of the emperor¦ enjoins, |I beg that¦ thou, as being acquainted with the purpose of God, wilt write to the adjacent Churches, that they also may act in like manner, such as are able to do so sending messengers, and the others transmitting letters through those persons who are sent by thee, that thou mayest be glorified by a work which shall be remembered for ever, as indeed thou art worthy to be.
2 I salute all by name, and in particular the wife of Epitropus, with all her house and children. I salute Attalus, my beloved. I salute him who shall be deemed worthy to go |from you¦ into Syria. Grace shall be with him for ever, and with Polycarp that sends him.
3 I pray for your happiness for ever in our God, Jesus Christ, by whom continue ye in the unity and under the protection of God, I salute Alce, my dearly beloved. Fare ye well in the Lord. (IPo 8:1-3 APE)

This is what the Rodkinson Babylonian Talmud. Tract Sanhedrin  Part 2 (Haggada) pp 371, 372 from Bible Works Software says about the appearing of the LORD in Genesis chapter 18 and 19. See below the quotation. This clearly was not the shaliach. This was the Lord and another lord, the Adonai and adone. The vowel points for the Hebrew word adonai/adone to distinguish one word from the other may be absent in the Dead Sea Scrolls Isaiah Scroll indicating there was absolutely no distinction between the two words.  See the following link. The vowel points for the Hebrew word adonai/adone to distinguish one word from the other may be absent in the Dead Sea Scrolls Isaiah Scroll indicating there was absolutely no distinction between the two words.  See the below link.

Vol 8–Sanhedrin

Said R. Na’hman. He who knows to give a right answer to the Minnim like R. Aidith may discuss with them, but he who is not able to do so, it is better for him that he discuss not with them at all. There was a Min who said to R. Aidith: It reads [Ex. 24.1]: “Come up unto the Lord.” It ought to be, “Come up to me.” (And when God said to him: Come up to the Lord, there must be one lord more?) And he answered: That is the angel Mattatron (name of the chief of the angels) about whom ibid. 23.20 speaks, as he bears the name of his master [ibid., ibid. 21]: “Because my name is in him.” If so, rejoined the Min, let us worship him. It reads, ibid., ibid., ibid., al tamer be, and this term means also “exchange.” Hence it means thou shalt not exchange him for Me.

Said the Min again: But does it not read “he will not pardon your transgression”? And Aidith answered: Believe me, that even as a guide we refused to accept him, as it reads

(cont)[ibid. 33.15]: “If thy presence go not (with us), carry us not up from here.”

A Min asked Ismael b. R. Jose: It reads [Gen. 19.24]: “And the Lord rained upon Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire. From the Lord,” etc. From the Lord! It ought to be from Him (hence there was one more lord).

 

Works Cited

Michael S. Bushell, Michael D. Tan, and Glenn L. Weaver, BibleWorks, 8th ed. (Norfolk: BibleWorks, LLC., 2008), BibleWorks. v.8.

62a Chicago Bibliography Entries

Roberts, Alexander, and James Donaldson, eds. Apostolic Fathers English Translation from the Ante-Nicene Fathers (APE). Buffalo: The Christian Literature Publishing Co., 1896. BibleWorks, v.8.

62a Chicago Bibliography Entries

Rodkinson, Michael L. New Edition of the Babylonian Talmud: Original Text, Edited, Corrected, Formulated and Translated into English (ROD). 20 vols. Boston: The Talmud Society, 1918. BibleWorks, v.8.