Deity Of Yeshua

July 3, 2014

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It cannot be stressed nor overstated just how important and central the teaching that Yeshua, or Iesous, or Jesus is equal to Elohiym. “Elohiym” (http://www.biblestudytools.com/lexicons/hebrew/kjv/elohiym.html) is the plural name of God used in Genesis chapter 1 verse 26 (http://biblehub.com/interlinear/genesis/1-26.htm) . Elohiym is one God but not in the absolute sense. He is a manifold divine being that reveals Himself by three agents of His being. It is only when His agents are at work in the making of their creation in the first chapter of Genesis that a clear distinction can be made between His three agents. His first agent permits the creation using His will. His second agent speaks. Lastly, His third agent brings about or causes to come into being. See the following link (http://biblehub.com/interlinear/genesis/1-3.htm). God is Spirit and cannot be limited in the sense of not being able to fill the cosmos and at the same time enter into His creation. Elohiym is manifold in His unity.  It is by the work of these three agents that the agents take on characteristics from the work they do, thereby making them personal administrators of the manifold government of the divine being of Elohiym, the God-head.

The above passage constitutes the basic formulation of the Christian belief in the trinity of the God-head. Although the doctrine of the trinity is not explicitly taught in the bible, the use of the particular hebrew word “echad” (http://www.biblestudytools.com/lexicons/hebrew/kjv/echad.html) is employed to enlighten the understanding of the complexity of the being of the God-head. This word does not mean 1 unit in the strictest sense. See the Hebrew Bible Transliterated “(Gol•mî rä´û `ênʺkä wü`a|l-sip•rükä Kulläm yiKKätëºbû yämîm yuccäºrû (wülö´) [wülô] ´eHäd Bähem Psa 139:16 BHT).” The hebrew word “echad” is used as a unit one in this verse and does not preclude other numbers. See also the Tanahk “(Your eyes saw my unformed limbs; they were all recorded in Your book; in due time they were formed, to the very last one of them Psa 139:16 TNK).”

Rather it refers to, in a sense, another as pertains to one only. For instance, a person is one person but not in the absolute sense because there are limbs that make up a person as a whole. The fundamental belief that Elohiym is another of one is found in Deuteronomy chapter 6 verse 4 in The Hebrew Bible Transliterated (“šüma` yiS•rä´ël yhwh(´ädönäy) ´élöhêºnû yhwh(´ädönäy) ´eHäd (Deu 6:4 BHT).” See also the following link (http://biblehub.com/interlinear/deuteronomy/6-4.htm).

Yeshua believed this as well. He stated this to the pharisee’s. Yeshua answered, “The most important is, ‘Sh’ma Yisra’el, ADONAI Eloheinu, ADONAI echad [Hear, O Isra’el, the LORD our God, the LORD is one], (Mar 12:29 CJB).” The Eternal Word of Elohiym made flesh is Yeshua. This is a teaching that has Jewish roots in the aramaic word “Memra” (http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/10618-memra).  There are instances where the Word of the Lord was used in the Jewish Targum English (QBE?) and Psalms Targum English translations to enlighten the reader’s understanding of the Eternal Word of Elohiym that was manifested in ancient biblical times as the God who reveals His manifold triune nature, as the God that takes on the characteristic(s) of the work His Eternal Word agency performs, thereby making Himself personal and knowable through His Eternal Word agency. See the following examples:

  • “And the Word of the Lord created man in His likeness, in the likeness of the presence of the Lord He created him, the male and his yoke-fellow He created them (Gen 1:27 JTE).”
  • “Walking in the garden in the strength of the day…And the Word of the Lord God called to Adam, and said to him, Behold, the world which I have created is manifest before Me; and how thinkest thou that the place in the midst whereof thou art, is not revealed before Me? Where is the commandment that I taught thee (Gen 3:9 JTE)?”
  • “And Hagar gave thanks, and prayed in the Name of the Word of the Lord, who had been manifested to her, saying, Blessed be Thou, Eloha, the Living One of all Ages, who hast looked upon my affliction. For she said, Behold, Thou art manifested also unto me, even as Thou wast manifested to Sara my mistress (Gen 16:13 JTE).”
  • “Three angels were sent to our father Abraham; and the three were sent for three things; because it is not possible that one of the high angels should be sent for more things than one. The first angel was sent to announce to our father Abraham, that, behold, Sarah would bear Izhak; the second angel was sent to deliver Lot from the midst of the overthrow; the third angel was sent to overthrow Sedom and Amorah, Admah and Zeboim. Therefore was there a word of prophecy from before the Lord unto Abraham the Just, and the Word of the Lord was revealed to him in the valley of vision; and he sat in the door of the tabernacle, comforting himself from his circumcision in the fervour (or strength) of the day (Gen 18:2 JTE).”
  • “And the Word of the Lord Himself had made to descend upon the people of Sedom and Amorah showers of favour, that they might work repentance from their wicked works. But when they saw the showers of favour, they said, So, our wicked works are not manifest before Him. He turned (then), and caused to descend upon them bitumen and fire from before the Lord from the heavens (Gen 19:24 JTE).”
  • “And Abraham planted a paradise in Beer Sheba, and prepared in the midst of it food and drink for those who arrived at the border; and they ate and drank, and sought to give him the price of what they had eaten and drunk, but he willed not to receive it from them; but our father Abraham discoursed to them of that which he had said, that the world was by His word. Pray before your Father who is in heaven, from whose bounty ye have eaten and drunk. And they stirred not from their place until the time when he had made them proselytes, and had taught them the way everlasting. And Abraham praised and prayed there in the name of the word of the Lord, the God of Eternity  (Gen 21:33 JTE).”
  • “And Abraham said, The Word of the Lord will prepare for me a lamb; and if not, then thou art the offering, my son! And they went both of them together with a contrite heart. (Gen 22:8 JTE).”
  • The God of eternity, whose name be Blessed for ever and ever, hath taught us precepts which are beautiful and statutes that are comely: He hath taught us the blessing of matrimony from Adam and his bride, as the scripture expoundeth And the Word of the Lord blessed them, and the Word of the Lord said to them, Be strong and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it. He hath taught us to visit the afflicted, from our father Abraham the Righteous, when He revealed Himself to him in the plain of Vision, and gave him the precept of circumcision, and made him to sit in the door of his tent in the heat of the day; as the scripture expoundeth and saith, And the Word of the Lord revealed Himself to him in the plain of Vision. And again He hath taught us to bless those who mourn, from our father Jakob the Righteous: for He revealed Himself to him on his coming from Padan of Aram, when the way of the world had happened to Deborah, the nurse of Rivekah his mother, and Rahel died by him in the way, and Jakob our father sat weeping and bewailing her, and mourning and crying. Then wast Thou, 0 Lord of all worlds, in the perfection of Thy free mercies revealed to him, and didst comfort him, and blessing the mourners didst bless him concerning his mother, even as the scripture expoundeth and saith, The Word of the Lord revealed Himself unto Jakob the second time on his coming from Padan Aram, and blessed him. (Gen 35:9 JTE)
  • “And the Word of the Lord said to Mosheh, He who spake to the world, Be, and it was; and who will speak to it, Be, and it will be. And he said, Thus shalt thou speak to the sons of Israel, EHEYEH hath sent me unto you  (Exo 3:14 JTE).”
  •  “And the Lord was revealed in His Word unto Abraham, to Izhak, and to Jakob, as the God of Heaven; but the Name of the Word of the Lord was not known to them  (Exo 6:3 JTE).”
  • “And the Word of the Lord spake all the excellency of these words saying (Exo 20:1 JTE):”
  • “It was when the ark went forward. Mosheh stood, with hands (outstretched) in prayer, and said, Arise now, O Word of the Lord, in the power of Thy might, and let the adversaries of Thy people be scattered, and make Thine enemies flee before Thee (Num 10:35 JTE).”
  • “And it was in the time of the morning that the Word of the Lord looked upon the host of the Mizraee, and hurled upon them bitumen (naphtha), and fire, and stones of hail, and conturbed the host of the Mizraee  (Exo 14:24 JTE).”
  • “And he unloosed the wheels of their carriages, so that they went, dragging them after them: the mules, going after their way before the wheels, were turned, so as that the wheels went before the mules, and they were cast into the sea. The Mizraee answered and said on to another, Let us flee from before the people of the sons of Israel; for this is the Word of the Lord who worketh victory for them in their battles; so that they set the back against Mizraim (Exo 14:25 JTE).”
  • “The Lord is Mighty, and greatly to be praised and feared over all the world. He spake in His Word, and for us became salvation. From their mothers’ breasts have even the children given signs with their fingers unto the fathers, and have said to them, This is our Father, who nourished us with honey from the rock, and gave us oil from the stone of clay. The sons of Israel answered and said one to another, He is our God, and we will praise Him; the God of our fathers, and we will exalt Him (Exo 15:2 JTE).”
  • “But when the ark rested, Mosheh lifted his hands in prayer, and said, O Word of the Lord, turn from the strength of Thy anger, and return unto us in the goodness of Thy mercy, and bless the myriads and multiply the thousands of the children of Israel (Num 10:36 JTE).”
  • “The Word of the Lord the God who ruleth over the spirit of all flesh, appoint a praiseworthy man over the people of the conaregation (Num 27:16 JTE).”
  • “And thou shalt come to the priest who will be appointed the chief priest in those days, and say to him: We give glory and thanks this day before the Lord thy God, that we have come into the land which the Word of the Lord did covenant unto our fathers to give us  (Deu 26:3 JTE).”
  • ” We have not eaten thereof in (our) mourning, nor separated therefrom for the unclean, nor given of it for the defiled soul; for we have obeyed the voice of the Word of the Lord our God; we have done according to all that Thou hast commanded us (Deu 26:14 JTE).”
  • “You have chosen the Word of the Lord to be King over you this day, that He may be your God. But the Word of the Lord becometh the King over you for His Name’s sake, as over a people beloved as a treasure, as He hath spoken to you, that you may obey all His commandments  (Deu 26:18 JTE).”
  • “18 The Almighty who created you ye have forgotten, and have forsaken the Word of God who gave you to be, and made you so many refuges (Deu 32:18 JTE).”
  • “See now that I in My Word am He, and there is no other God beside Me. I kill the living in this world, and make alive the dead in the world that cometh; I am He who smiteth, and I am He who healeth; and there is none who can deliver from My hand (Deu 32:39 JTE).”
  • “God said, Why do you leap, O mountains?1 It is not my will to give the Torah on proud, contemptuous mountains. Behold, Mount Sinai which is humble; the word of the LORD desires to place his presence upon it; but in the highest heaven the LORD will abide forever  (Psa 68:17 PST).”
  • “The salvation of Israel is through the Maryah,* He who is the Savior of the nations; neither you shall be put to shame,
    nor be buried under to the end of the universe, of all the universes.”* (http://www.v-a.com/bible/supporters/isaiah_45.html) [verse 17]
  • If I go up to the heavens, you are there; and if I lower myself to Sheol, behold, there is your word  (Psa 139:8 PST).”
  • Also the darkness will not be too dark for your word, and the night, like day, will give light; like darkness, like lightÐ they are equal (Psa 139:12 PST).”

Isaiah chapter 55 verse 11 in the Tanahk states the oneness that the “Memra” has with the Lord. It starts out from the mouth of the Lord and goes forth as though it is stretched out, eventually returning back to the Lord after accomplishing all that the Lord intended for it to do. “So is the word that issues from My mouth: It does not come back to Me unfulfilled, But performs what I purpose, Achieves what I sent it to do (Isa 55:11 TNK).”

In the new testament the “Memra” is referred to as the “Logos” in John chapter 1 (http://biblehub.com/interlinear/john/1-1.htm).”  See the following link for a clear definition of the “Logos” (http://www.biblestudytools.com/lexicons/greek/kjv/logos.html).” The “Memra” or “Logos” is equal to God (“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. All things came to be through him, and without him nothing made had being (Joh 1:1-3 CJB).” The “Memra” or “Logos” was made flesh (“The Word became a human being and lived with us, and we saw his Sh’khinah, the Sh’khinah of the Father’s only Son, full of grace and truth (Joh 1:14 CJB).” The greek word that explains how Yeshua lived with us is “skenoo” (http://www.biblestudytools.com/lexicons/greek/kjv/skenoo.html).

The Eternal Word of the Lord God is equal to the Lord God himself. They are Elohiym. The Eternal Word of God was understood as being equal to God in 1 John chapter 5 verse 7 “because three are who are testifying in the heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit, and these — the three — are one (1Jo 5:7 YLT).” A revelation of Yeshua is given as well as to who Yeshua is in the place of administration in the government of the complex being of the God-head in Revelation chapter 19 verse 13 (“and he is arrayed with a garment covered with blood, and his name is called, The Word of God (Rev 19:13 YLT).” The Eternal Word of the Lord was made flesh. This is a Christian teaching that has roots in the Psalms Targum Eglish. The teaching that the Eternal Word  of the Lord as having a part in the work of the creation of the flesh of man, even in the “belly”  is found in the Psamls Targum English “(Your eyes see my body; and in the book of your remembrance all my days were written on the day the world was created; in the beginning all creatures were created1 but not on a single day among them.2 (Psa 139:16 PST).” See notes in the Psalms Targum English [PST Notes (Psa 139:16) Notes:  (1) Created: +in six days. (2) Not . . . among them: or “one day the Sabbath was not among them].” One of those days was reserved for the Lord YHVH Himself. Why? Is it because the Lord YHVH really needs rest? Or did the Lord YHVH have a day for His own tent of flesh, through which He would reveal himself? According to christian belief, it is the latter.  In heaven and the innermost parts of the earth, in the most secret or hidden places the Eternal Word of the Lord is there (Psa 139:8,12).  The Eternal Word of Elohiym was there when the psalmist was formed before his birth. “My self is not hidden from you, for I was made in secret, I was formed in the belly of my mother (Psa 139:15 PST).” See Rashi’s commentary for a deeper explanation of Psalm 139: 3 (http://www.chabad.org/library/bible_cdo/aid/16360/jewish/Chapter-139.htm#showrashi=true).

Yeshua, the Eternal Word of God made flesh,  is the tent of human flesh that was “knitted” together by the Eternal Word of the Lord (Himself). This is how the Tanahk describes how a baby is made in Psa 139:15. “My frame was not concealed from You when I was shaped in a hidden place, knit together in the recesses of the earth  (Psa 139:15 TNK).” Yeshua, the Eternal Word,  is described as dwelling with us as in a tent.” And the Word became flesh and dwelt  among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth  (Joh 1:14 NKJ).” The greek word for dwell in John 1:14 NKJV is “skenoo” (http://www.biblestudytools.com/lexicons/greek/kjv/skenoo.html).” Yeshua is not a pagan deity.  He is the Eternal Word of the Lord that was knitted together by the Eternal Word of the Lord (Himself) and the Ruach Hakodesh. “And the angel answered and said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Highest will overshadow you; therefore, also, that Holy One who is to be born will be called the Son of God (Luk 1:35 NKJ).”

There are scripture references to a little YHVH. See the following verses in the BHT and TNK and WTT.

  • עָנֵ֣ה וְאָמַ֗ר הָֽא־אֲנָ֙ה חָזֵ֜ה גֻּבְרִ֣ין אַרְבְּעָ֗ה שְׁרַ֙יִן֙ מַהְלְכִ֣ין בְּגֽוֹא־נוּרָ֔א וַחֲבָ֖ל לָא־אִיתַ֣י בְּה֑וֹן וְרֵוֵהּ֙ דִּ֣י )רְבִיעָיָא] (רְֽבִיעָאָ֔ה[ דָּמֵ֖ה לְבַר־אֱלָהִֽין׃ ס
    (Dan 3:25 WTT)
  • “`änË wü´ämar hä|´-´ánâ HäzË Gub•rîn ´ar•Bü`â šüraºyin mah•lükîn Bügô|´-nûrä´ waHábäl lä´-´îtay Bühôn würëwË Dî (rübî`äyä´) [rü|bî`ä´â] DämË lübar-´élähîn s (Dan 3:25 BHT)”
  • He answered, “But I see four men walking about unbound and unharmed in the fire and the fourth looks like a divine being.” (Dan 3:25 TNK)
  • “wayyërä´ ´ëläyw yhwh(´ädönäy) Bü´ëlönê mam•rë´ wühû´ yöšëb Pe|taH-hä´öºhel KüHöm hayyôm
    2 wayyiSSä´ `ênäyw wayyaºr•´ wühinnË šülöšâ ´ánäšîm niccäbîm `äläyw wayyaºr•´ wayyäºroc liq•rä´täm miPPeºtaH hä´öºhel wayyiš•TaºHû ´äºr•câ (Gen 18:1-2 BHT)”
  • “The LORD appeared to him by the terebinths of Mamre; he was sitting at the entrance of the tent as the day grew hot.
    Looking up, he saw three men standing near him. As soon as he saw them, he ran from the entrance of the tent to greet them and, bowing to the ground,” (Gen 18:1-2 TNK)
  • “wayyiwwätër ya`áqöb lübaDDô wayyë´äbëq ´îš `immô `ad `álôt haššäºHar (Gen 32:25 BHT)”
  • “Jacob was left alone. And a man wrestled with him until the break of dawn (Gen 32:25 TNK).”
  • “wayyöº´mer lö´ ya`áqöb yë´ämër `ôd šim•kä Kî ´im-yiS•rä´ël Kî|-Särîºtä `im-´élöhîm wü`im-´ánäšîm waTTûkäl (Gen 32:29 BHT)”
  • ” Said he, “Your name shall no longer be Jacob, but Israel, for you have striven with beings divine and human, and have prevailed.” (Gen 32:29 TNK)
  • “wayyiq•rä´ ya`áqöb šëm hammäqôm Pünî´ël Kî|-rä´îºtî ´élöhîm Pänîm ´el-Pänîm waTTinnäcël nap•šî (Gen 32:31 BHT)”
  • “So Jacob named the place Peniel, meaning, “I have seen a divine being face to face, yet my life has been preserved.” (Gen 32:31 TNK)
  • See also Rashi’s commentary to Gen 32:29 (http://www.chabad.org/library/bible_cdo/aid/8227#showrashi=true)

WORKS CITED

 

Bushell, Michael S., Michael D. Tan, and Glenn L. Weaver. BibleWorks. 8th ed. Norfolk: BibleWorks, LLC., 2008. BibleWorks. v.8.

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Anstey, Matthew. Transliterated Hebrew Old Testament 2001 (BHT). n.p.: n.p., 2001. BibleWorks. v.8.

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Cook, Edward M., trans. The Psalms Targum: An English Translation (PST). n.p.: n.p., 2001. BibleWorks, v.8.

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Stern, David H. The Complete Jewish Bible (CJB). Clarksville, MD: Jewish New Testament Publications, 1998. BibleWorks, v.8.

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Tanakh, A New Translation of the Holy Scriptures According to the Traditional Hebrew Text (TNK). Philadelpha: Jewish Publication Society, 1985. BibleWorks, v.8.
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